‘The Saudi Green Initiative’ and ‘The Middle East Green Initiative’ are to be launched soon, aiming to chart a path for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the region in protecting the planet by clearly defining an ambitious road map. It is destined to rally the region and significantly contribute to achieving global targets in confronting climate change.
HRH the Crown Prince noted, as a leading global oil producer, the Kingdom fully recognizes its share of responsibility in advancing the fight against the climate crisis. Just as the Kingdom underpinned energy markets during the oil and gas era, it will become a global leader in forging a greener world.
He added that the Kingdom and the region face significant climate challenges, such as desertification, an immediate economic risk to the Kingdom and the region ($13 billion is currently lost due to dust storms every year). Air pollution from greenhouse gases also is estimated to have shortened average Saudi life expectancy by 1.5 years. We will work through The Saudi Green Initiative to raise vegetation cover, reduce carbon emissions, combat pollution and land degradation, and preserve marine life; this action will include a number of ambitious initiatives; most notably the planting of 10 billion trees within the Kingdom in the upcoming decades, the equivalent to rehabilitating roughly 40 million hectares of degraded lands, translating to a 12-fold increase from current tree covers, this represents the Kingdom’s contribution of more than 4% in achieving the goals of the global initiative to limit the degradation of lands and fungal habitats, and 1% of the global target to plant one trillion trees.
The Kingdom will also work to raise the percentage of protected areas to more than 30% of its total land area, representing roughly 600,000 square kilometers, exceeding the current global target of 17%, in addition to launching several ambitious initiatives to protect Marine and Coastal Environments.
HRH the Crown Prince further added, the Saudi Green Initiative will also work to reduce carbon emissions by more than 4% of global contributions through an ambitious renewable energy program that will generate 50% of the Kingdom’s energy from renewables by 2030, and several other projects in the fields of clean hydrocarbon technologies, estimated to eliminate more than 130 MT of carbon emissions, alongside raising the rate of waste diversion from landfills to reach 94% in the Kingdom.
It was further announced, whilst there is still a lot more to be done, the Kingdom is determined to make a lasting global impact, we will start working on The Middle East Green Initiative in coordination with neighboring and sister countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states and Middle Eastern countries to plant an additional 40 billion trees in the Middle East, This overall regional (50 billion) tree planting program is the largest reforestation program in the world, twice the size of the Great Green Wall in the Sahel (the second-largest such regional initiative). This project will restore an area equivalent to 200 million hectares of degraded land, representing 5% of the global target of planting one trillion trees and reducing 2.5% of global carbon levels.
Today, the share of clean energy production in the Middle East doesn’t exceed 7%, and technologies used in hydrocarbon production in the region are not efficient, therefore the Kingdom will work with regional partners to transfer our knowledge and share our experiences, which will contribute to reducing carbon emissions resulting from hydrocarbon production in the region by more than 60%, adding that these joint efforts and various other initiatives, will achieve a reduction in carbon emissions by more than 10% of global contributions.
HRH the Crown Prince further highlighted that these two initiatives are a continuation of the environmental efforts in the Kingdom over the past few years in line with Vision 2030. They are a testimony of the Kingdom’s serious desire to address the environmental challenges it has faced, from an increase in temperatures and dust waves to low rain and desertification levels. In this regard, the Kingdom has carried out a comprehensive restructuring of the environmental sector, established The Environmental Special Forces in 2019, raised the percentage of natural reserves from 4% to more than 14% and increased vegetation cover by 40% in the past four years. The Kingdom was also able to achieve the most efficient levels of carbon emission of hydrocarbon producing countries, alongside other initiatives that have already started on the ground and resulted in tangible positive results for the environment. This is all part of the Kingdom’s efforts to promote public health and raise the quality of life for its citizens and residents.
HRH the Crown Prince noted, at a global level, these initiatives emanate from the Kingdom’s leadership role towards common international issues, and a continuation of the Kingdom’s efforts to protect the planet during its presidency of the G20 summit last year, in which a dedicated environmental declaration was issued, the concept of Circular Carbon Economy were adopted, and the first environmental taskforce was established, alongside the launching of two global initiatives to reduce land degradation and protection of coral reefs.
HRH Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman concluded his statement by saying: “I am proud to announce the Saudi and Middle East Green Initiatives, but this is only a start.
“The Kingdom, the region and the world needs to go much further and faster in combating climate change. Given our starting point, beginning this journey to a greener future has not been easy. But in line with our overall modernization philosophy, we are not avoiding tough choices. We reject the false choice between preserving the economy and protecting the environment.
“Climate action will enhance competitiveness, spark innovation, and create millions of high-quality jobs. Young people, both in the Kingdom and the world, are demanding a cleaner, greener and more inclusive future, and we owe it to them to deliver on this.
“And the Kingdom will work with all international partners to further develop these two initiatives and the various programs and timelines entailed in them,” noting that details of the Saudi Green Initiative are going to be announced in following next few months. A global forum with international partners for the Middle East Green Initiative will be launched and held in the second quarter of next year.